The Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church agree that Christians must act on climate change.

The Church of England’s lead bishop on the environment shares the Vatican statement’s clear view that climate change is largely caused by human activity and mitigating it is a ‘moral and religious imperative for humanity’. The Bishop of Salisbury, Nicholas Holtam, said: 

“Climate change is the greatest moral challenge of our day, for people of all faiths and people of no faith. 

... climate change is an issue that should unite not only Christian churches, but all the world’s faiths. People of faith understand the Earth as God’s gift, not our plaything.
 “The world’s poorest suffer the most severe consequences of climate change, a problem to which they contribute little. ...When 17 Anglican bishops met to discuss our Communion’s response to climate change this fundamental injustice weighed heavily on our deliberations. "

This refer to "The World Is Our Host", a declaration by 17 Anglican Bishops from across the world on climate change made on Good Friday 2015. It starts with these prayers:

The covetous desires of people and nations to possess what is not their own, Father, forgive.

The greed which exploits the work of human hands and lays waste the earth, Father, forgive.

and goes on, "At this time of unprecedented climate crisis, we call all our brothers and sisters in the Anglican Communion to join us in prayer and in pastoral, priestly and prophetic action. We call with humility, but with urgent determination enlivened by our faith in God who is Creator and Redeemer and by the pain of our people’s experience in our dioceses and provinces, and their need for seeds of hope.

In different ways each of our own dioceses are deeply impacted by climate injustice and environmental degradation. We accept the evidence of science concerning the contribution of human activity to the climate crisis and the disproportionate role played by fossil-fuel based economies.

Although climate scientists have for many years warned of the consequences of inaction there is an alarming lack of global agreement about the way forward. We believe that the problem is spiritual as well as economic, scientific and political, because the roadblock to effective action relates to basic existential issues of how human life is framed and valued: including the competing moral claims of present and future generations, human versus non-human interests, and how the lifestyle of wealthy countries is to be balanced against the basic needs of the developing world."

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Two of the Vatican’s leading bodies, the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences, have issued a declaration saying:

"Climate change resulting largely from unsustainable consumption by about 15% of the world’s population has become a dominant moral and ethical issue for society. "


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